When Do Pregnancy Symptoms Start? 60

While for most something like a missed period seems a pretty obvious reason to take a pregnancy test, there are cases out there where pregnancy symptoms are a more significant deciding factor. Maybe you don’t have regular menses. Maybe you’re concerned you may just be experiencing early pregnancy bleeding and not an actual period, or you’re worried about the possibility of a false negative pregnancy test. Maybe you’re trying to conceive and just really impatient—because 2 weeks? Really? that’s forever!—no matter the reason, understanding when pregnancy symptoms start is certainly useful information. Sadly, pregnancy symptoms and their onset vary widely from woman to woman and even from pregnancy to pregnancy. What is always the same is the timeline of events leading to what pregnancy symptoms may appear. To answer the question: when do pregnancy symptoms start, we’ll start there, and then look at general statistics on pregnancy symptom timing just to compare.pregnancy symptoms

The pregnancy symptom timeline:

First, a quick crash course in the pre-pregnancy phase of things…

Every month, there is a cycle of hormones that prepare your uterus for possible pregnancy, develop and release an egg for possible fertilization, and either maintain pregnancy or prompt the shedding of your uterine lining so the process can start all over.  The majority of women ovulate, or drop said egg, mid-cycle. So if your cycle is, say, 28 days, with cycle day (CD) 1 being the first day of bleeding, ovulation would be around CD14. Pregnancy is only possible when an egg is present in the Fallopian tube, and an egg on average only survives about 24 hours after ovulation. So, the first question you should ask yourself when questioning when do pregnancy symptoms start is if pregnancy is even possible.

For example, intercourse during or just before your period leaves a very slim chance of pregnancy, because sperm can only survive on average about 5 days, the egg isn’t usually around until mid-cycle and is long gone by late cycle. You can read more about calculating your chances of pregnancy here.

Now, assuming sperm and egg met within 48 hours of ovulation, what happens next…

Once the egg is fertilized it has to travel to your uterus and implant. You will not have pregnancy symptoms before implantation because, well, you aren’t pregnant. Implantation takes an absolute minimum of 6 days. The average is 8 to 10 days. After implantation hormone levels have to start to accumulate. At minimum again, a pregnancy test is possible 48 hours after implantation, and that’s on an early pregnancy test that detects exceptionally low levels, levels unlikely to cause symptoms. You can read more about pregnancy test timing here.

Back to hypotheticals again, if you had that average woman’s 28-day cycle with CD14 ovulation, this means at minimum pregnancy symptoms aren’t even possible until CD22. (6 days for implantation, 2-day hormone build= ovulation +8 or in conception forum speak DPO 8 (days past ovulation) a more likely timeline says you’d be looking at DPO 12 or CD26, coincidentally right about when your period would be due, and that’s just for hormone levels to be present and detectable for an early result pregnancy test, seeing pregnancy symptoms would likely take even longer. So, if you’re sitting here reading this 5 days after unprotected sex thinking you have pregnancy symptoms, the timeline says, “nope.”

Too lazy to read all that? The quick version is it is actually anatomically impossible to have pregnancy symptoms any sooner than 8 days after ovulation (or unprotected sex if you don’t know when ovulation occurred).

If that’s true why did your aunt’s sister’s friend Sally tell you she experienced pregnancy symptoms sooner than that? Because one of the hormones behind a large number of pregnancy symptoms is present just before your period each month, (PMS culprit)  Progesterone. Progesterone begins to build just after ovulation and acts to maintain the uterine lining for pregnancy. If you don’t become pregnant, progesterone drops, and you get a period. If you do become pregnant, progesterone production increases and is joined by hCG (the pregnancy test hormone). Progesterone all by its lonesome will cause gas, bloating, sore boobs, cramps, night sweats, and much more, so a high progesterone cycle can mimic pregnancy symptoms.

Alright, so assuming you are 8 days past ovulation, statistically speaking, when do pregnancy symptoms start?

Surprisingly, there are very few actual studies on this subject. The only one to be found was conducted in 2002 and published in the Journal of Clinical Epidemiology. If you can’t find a version online and would like to read that bad chicken, I’ve uploaded it to Life with Gremlins, and you can view it here. This study included 221 women of which 136 had successful pregnancies, only symptoms that persisted at least 3 consecutive days were counted as verified to rule out fluke tummy aches and the like.

-9% of non-pregnant women reported “pregnancy symptoms.” This rate increased in women who got a late period and suggested many women mistake PMS for pregnancy (see my note on Progesterone).

-None of the women who were actually pregnant reported symptoms before CD27.

-59% of pregnancy symptoms began between CD29 and 41. The average was CD36 (when half the women had symptoms) or about 1 week after a missed period for most.

-71% had pregnancy symptoms by CD42 (6 weeks pregnant).

-89% had pregnancy symptoms by CD52 (8 weeks pregnant).

-When data was counted using ovulation date, rather than the last menstrual period and counting cycle days, the average date for pregnancy symptoms to start was 20 days past ovulation.

-Smoking and/or marijuana use delayed the onset of symptoms.

-Women who had previously been pregnant showed symptoms slightly earlier (but never earlier than CD27).

-Nausea was the most common symptom.

These statistics are in line with the timeline suggested above. Our guess was pregnancy symptoms would occur no earlier than CD26 (the study stated the earliest date was CD27). It should be kept in mind that it is possible to be pregnant without pregnancy symptoms, and it is possible to get a negative pregnancy test and still be pregnant. If you suspect pregnancy, a blood test is the only definitive answer.

Wrapping it all up, when do pregnancy symptoms start?

when do pregnancy symptoms start

No earlier than 8 days past ovulation. On average 20 days past ovulation or cycle day 36 (period about 1 week late) with the vast majority of women showing symptoms by cycle day 52 (period about one month late).

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60 thoughts on “When Do Pregnancy Symptoms Start?

  • Sarah

    Hi, I had unprotected sex on Tuesday night 26.4.2016 which was the day before my period finished, on Thursday and Friday I had lite coffee brown slippery cm and today 30.4.2016 I washed my hair with organic everescents cinnamon and patchouli and I really did not like the smell, this is the second time I have used it and the first time I really liked the smell, thoughts? My predicted ovulation day is the 6.5.2016

    • unwirklich admin

      Pregnancy during your period is unlikely, especially with a projected ovulation weeks away, but either way, pregnancy symptoms aren’t instant. 4 days after intercourse it is impossible to have them. I’m not sure why your shampoo would smell bad to you all the sudden though.

  • kanieisha

    Ive had a period like bleeding it came almost a week before my usual period & ive also been experiencing swollen ankles sore breasts nausea & smells are getting to me also the bleeding was bright red/orangey in colour & had a butterey smell to it what could this mean ???I

    • unwirklich admin

      If you’re getting orange discharge with an odor infection is actually most likely, you may want to see a care provider. Pregnancy symptoms won’t start a week before your period.

  • Serenity

    My last cycle was April 21st. It stayed for only 3 days and my normal cycle is 5-7 days . I have a 28 day cycle. I found out I was pregnant a week after my last period was due. I’m basically worried because I had sex with a different partner on the 20th day after ovulation. I never gotten pregnant with my usual partner. I’m scared that this baby could possibly be the other partners baby due to never being pregnant by my usual partner. I’m trying to figure out if it’s actually my boyfriends baby or the other guy. When I calculated my cycle even THOU it was short last month it says my ovulation could have occurred between May 2 – 7 . I had sex with the other partner on the 10th. Could this baby possibly not be my boyfriends baby. I need help trying to figure out exactly who the father may be.

    • unwirklich admin

      A dating ultrasound would be a good way to narrow down your efforts. In early pregnancy they are pretty accurate. If you normally have a 28 day cycle, you should have ovulated around 14 days after the first day of bleeding which would be May 5, May 2-7 is an acceptable range, but here’s the problem, almost all women fluctuate a bit in ovulation and not every woman ovulates mid-cycle on the dot. The 10th is close enough to when you probably should have ovulated that it’s entirely possible it’s his baby. Without temping or ovulation tracking at all, a dating ultrasound is about all that’s going to give you a better idea, but even with that there’s some variance. I would recommend that you are honest in this situation, especially if your aim is not to hurt your BF more than you already have. He has a right to know the child may not be his, and that you have been with someone besides him. In my opinion, the longer the lie, the worse the hurt. The only way you’ll ever know for sure is to do DNA testing.

      • Diata Wallace

        I had unprotected sex on the 16th…a few days later I noticed I started feeling exhausted around noon-ish. Had more unprotected sex this morning(midnight)22nd…Slept throughout the night and woke up at 7:30am but now I feel I can crash…I keep finding myself mention how tired i am….I am never tired during the day. I have been making sure I get my daily folate as well..because we’re ttc. I was taking vitamins, Now I’ve been juicing my greens and eating spinach everyday in variety of ways.I belch a lot after every thing i eat..Also, i can’t sit my laptop on my lap without discomfort on my abdomen…feel a bit bloated and its uncomfortable to lay flat on my stomach….I been trying for long time and am over getting hyped up only to see AF….What gives…I have not been as “trying” as i nornally would be because i keep feeling let down when my AF begins…

        • Diata Wallace

          to add to my previous post….I’m only on cd 18 by the way..So, I’m not getting hyped up this time but seriously, what gives?

        • unwirklich admin

          You won’t have pregnancy symptoms so soon after intercourse. Things like weight gain and pain when lying on your stomach, those don’t pop up until you are several months along. The change in diet could, however, be to blame here. You’re body probably just needs some time to adjust.

  • Sayyidah

    I’m 28yrs and presently on my period. I have a normal 28 day cycle. We had sex on the two days before expected ovulation day, on the ovulation day (04.08.2016) and two consecutive days after. Since Monday the 14.08.2016, I’ve spent all mornings in bed. I’ve been experiencing nausea, heartburn, and a headache that refuses to go away. My husband believes I’m pregnant despite my period. My period came yesterday, and for the first 13 hours, there was just brownish discharge. It’s the first time I’m experiencing this symptoms. I’m worried coz I’m normally very active in the mornings. I’ve not undergone any lifestyle changes in the last 3 months. Do you think I should take a pt?

  • Renee

    I had a period early August had unprotected sex around August 30 I had bleeding occur September 10 which only lasted 3to4 day normally 5 it started light but got heavy 3 day. I then had a different patner around september 15. I started having symptoms first week of October. I then had ultrasound around 18 weeks my due date was june six which gave me september 14th my conception date. Im really confused because i gave birth on june 19th who is likely the father.

    • unwirklich admin

      I would not count symptoms in your attempt to single out conception date because PMS symptoms are very similar to pregnancy symptoms. 18 weeks though, sadly, is far enough along some variance in conception date estimate is possible. If your baby was considered fullterm (natural labor, no complications with baby or signs of being premie) back 10 months gives you August. Full term can be 2 weeks either direction of conception, making either father entirely possible for late Aug/early Sept. It sounds as if DNA testing may be your only option.

  • manuel

    Thank you for the good work. Please my girlfriend said she feels like she’s pregnant. She’s been extremely tired for no reason. Her palm changed colour, she’s insisting to get a pregnancy test but she saw her period just two days ago. I am confused and i cant remember ejaculating in her. Please advise me on what you think the situation is and what should be done. Thank you

    • unwirklich admin

      I have never heard of palms changing color in pregnancy (though some women do experience skin darkening). The easiest answer would just to be for her to take a pregnancy test.

  • Maria Kenny

    Sorry this is so long but here it is …… my husband an i have been trying for baby no3 for almost 3 months my first period in october after ttc was not my normally period ive had heavy periods since my teen yrs anyway this “period” was on and off for 4 days a few drops and then nothi g for remainder of the day then a few drops again never needed a pantyliner it was so light, also had neg hpt, then last mth was another light period and last just 5 days normally its 7-10 and was 3 days early, now this month alot of pregnancy symptoms i actually felt pregnant, period was 7 days late and very light only used one pantyliner in the past 13 hours, any information would be helpful

    • unwirklich admin

      If you’re still getting negative tests 2 months in only a blood test would confirm. Though, you might also consider any lifestyle changes you’ve made. Many while TTC begin taking supplements or make other large lifestyle changes that can alter hormone levels and so your cycle (which is cruel when you’re watching for changes, I know). You might try BBT tracking. This way, even if your period is “weird” you can tell if you are or aren’t pregnant. For example, in this case, had you been BTT tracking, that second month if you had a confirmed temperature shift you’d know that first light period was not a sign of pregnancy, because you don’t ovulate pregnant.

  • Allison

    I’m confused,I started last month on the first and it ended on 7th. This month I started on the 5th but what happened before I started bleeding. Was a clear white gush that filled my underwear. And hour later light bleeding then the next day a lttle heavyer. It’s bright red with little orange color. I’ve never had so many symptoms at once. Nause, boobs sore to wear I dont want to wear a bra,lower back pain,vagina and belly swollen,headakes,mild cramping,emotional and quickly to snap at anything. I havnt taken pregnancy test yet but my body doesnt feel right. Any advice would be great.

    • unwirklich admin

      A test would be the easiest answer. I have never heard of a gushing of fluids in early pregnancy. I’m not sure what might cause that. It’s not impossible to have bleeding while pregnant, but then it usually a god sign you aren’t.

  • Anonymous

    Am 19 yrs old I had unprotected sex date 3/12/2016.and my last period was at date 16-11-2016 I think am pregnant but today date 14 in the morning I started breeding bt not heavily.Am I likely to be pregnant ??

    • unwirklich admin

      No, If your last period was 16-11-2016 on 3-12-2016 you were at cycle day 26, chances are assuming your period started on time (a 28-day cycle) you ovulated way back on day 14 and the egg is long gone.

  • teeny30

    hello I had unprotected sex on CD 6 (20/01/2017) and on CD 13 (27/01/2017) using pull out method but i was actually ovulating during CD13 . Is it possible to have pregnancy symptoms that early Im on CD 17 and since I have been ovulating till now i have constant mild cramping and sore breast and a sudden food aversion .Could i be pregnant ?

    • unwirklich admin

      Implantation takes a minimum of 6 days, so 4 days after intercourse, no, there is no possibility at all that you’re experiencing pregnancy symptoms. It’s likely hormonal.

  • Sarah

    I had unprotected sex on Jan 22 ( CD12) using the pull out method. I have a 26 day cycle and regular periods. I got my period on Feb 5, around the same time it was due. It seemed normal and lasted 4 days. My periods are usually light so its hard for me to tell if it was a different kind of bleeding. I feel bloated, gassy and think I am gaining weight. My breasts feel a little tender too. These are the only symptoms im experiencing. Am I pregnant? I had a very bad cough and flu right before my period and only got a few hours of sleep a night with the cough syrup. This lasted ten days. Ive been resting more now that im feeling better and often eat in bed (larger quantities of food). This could be another reason of my upset stomach and discomfort. But is pregnancy possible? Or is it too early to tell?

    • unwirklich admin

      Pregnancy is possible, but less likely with timely, normal bleeding. Your symptoms could indeed be from the illness. Since your past your period, a test would likely be your easiest answer.

  • Donna

    Hi! I would just like to ask. Bc I had sex with someone last Feb.10,2017. We used a condom but the condom doesn’t fit well on him. That was my second sex in my life, 2 days after our intercourse I had bleeding which lasted for 5-7 days I think. I had my third intercourse with a different partner last March 1, 2017. We also used a condom and this time it fits him well. Then on March 5,2017 I had my period (but not sure if it’s rly my period) which lasted till 6-7 days – i had a heavy flow that time though. Now I’m starting to panic idk if I’m pregnant bc I was experiencing stiffness on my back (but this usually happens to me even before), feeling bloated, burping (but not the loud kind of burp) and having difficulty to breathe.

    Could I be pregnant?

    Note: I dont really eat breakfast, and most of the time I’m skipping meals.

    • unwirklich admin

      Generally heavy timely bleeding doesn’t occur in pregnancy. If you are a teen, hormonal imbalance is common and even normal, which will lead to irregular bleeding and weird symptoms on occasion. Light bleeding in the first case that happens so close to intercourse is often from cervical damage (which unfortunately is also common). It’s unlikely you’re pregnant, but a test is always an easy answer. 🙂

  • Emily

    I had unprotected sex on CD 10, I didn’t feel any symptoms except for slightly sore breasts around CD 22 and slight cramps during ovulation but I never thought much of it. I started my period 3 days early but it’s been light and on and off bleeding and this morning I was extremely nauseous and got sick before work, could I be pregnant?

    • unwirklich admin

      Possibly, but many things can cause vomiting. It could be food poisoning or a virus. If you suspect pregnancy a test is always an easy answer. If the symptoms are pregnancy related, the test would be accurate.

  • Anikwe Chidimma

    I av been seeing my period on d last days of everi mnth but i had unprotected sex on 1st feb,later c my period on 24th feb nd it stops on 27th nd later again i had d same unprotected sex on 3rd march bt did nt c my period on mnth of march,early on 4th of april it starts nd stop on 7th,bt diz mnth been may jst yesterday being 12th of may wit heavy flow,plz am i likely 2 b pregnant?THANKS.

    • unwirklich admin

      It’s not reliable to predict your period by a day that it starts, because the number of days in the month vary. When people do planning this way, Feb is a common month for them to think things are “off” because Feb only has 28 days, whereas most months have 31. It’s best to use the average number of days between cycles for projecting start dates (ex/every 28 days). It’s also normal to have +/-3 days variance in your period. Given that, nothing you’re saying here seems abnormal, but it may ease your mind to take a test.

  • Kira

    i had unprotected sex with my partner last june 3 i have an app called flo it says its my ovulation day that day june 3.. my period is due june 18 and late till now june 25.. is there any chance that im pregnant?

    • unwirklich admin

      I would take a test, yes. Your chances of pregnancy are highest at ovulation, and a period later than 3 days beyond the projected start date is considered “late.”

  • Cassi

    I had an unprotected sex on May 30, which also happened to be I think the start of my ovulation because I have a 28-day cycle. All my life my mens would come a day early or on my 28th day and barely late.
    So, my last period before the sex was on May 17.
    I missed my period for June. I was late for 9 days. And then I had a period-like bleeding.
    Can it be that I had an early miscarriage?
    Or is there any chance that I might “still” be pregnant?

    • Life with Gremlins admin

      1 in 4 women experience bleeding in pregnancy, not all of them miscarry, but then late periods do happen for even the most regular of ladies. In your case, I’d just go ahead and take a test to be sure.

  • Dulce

    I had a miscarriage July 28 at 8 weeks I had my period September 2 I took an ovulation test and my high peak was September 16 my cycle is usually 35-37 days it’s day 36 I’ve had several pregnancy symptoms. Should I test or wait another week and see if I get my period?

    • Life with Gremlins admin

      That’s really up to you, it sounds like you should be in accurate range for a test, but waiting that extra week would decrease the chance of a false negative too.

  • Krishmama

    Hi i have a 30 day cycle. Lmp was 30th october. Had sex on 12th. The tested for ovulation on 14th and got a faint line, so had sex. Again tested on 15th and got a dark line indicating ovulation, had sex the same day too. Now 8 dpo (if ovulation on 15th) i feel so tired for past two days and now back and leg cramps. Do i have any chances looking forward!!

    • Life with Gremlins admin

      You won’t have pregnancy symptoms before a missed period, but it does sound like your timing was great and you have a good chance of pregnancy this cycle. Good luck 🙂

      • KrishMama

        Its 16 dpo. I took a test today and got a BFN. Did two tests in past 2 days which resulted in BFN. No signs of AF. Should i test again or it is a BFN this month? I have a flight journey in a weeks time. It would be better if i know whats happening fyi, i used pregnosis in stream test. I have a mild mrng sickness kind of thing ( not sure though). Is there any chance left to keep my hopes up?
        Please guide

        • Life with Gremlins admin

          If ovulation wasn’t confirmed it’s possible you ovulated a bit late, but yes, with a negative test at DPO 16 pregnancy is a lot less likely I’m afraid.

  • Racial

    I have irregular period, my last period was January 20th, I took ovulation tests and I was ovulating, on those days I had unprotected sex. I took blood work to check if I’m pregnant and it came back negative. Can it be that I took the test too early ?

  • Shasbby

    I have read nearly all comments here. You are indeed doing a great job. I have been ttc for some months now. In January, I was tested positive on the 9th then got my period on the 10th. It was a normal red blood with cramps. Took injection to relief the pain but I didn’t bother to test again.Though I was still have pregnancy symptoms. My cycle was 28 days but it got changed to 31days. Had sex on the 24 and 27th of January and was tested positive again in February when my visit to the restroom was so frequent. I spotted a blood when wiping on the 4th of February but it only for that day. It was pinkish and I didn’t worry about it since I’ve read a lot about implantation bleeding. My period suppose to come today, but it started with a drop yesterday. Though not heavy like other period but fresh red and it came with cramps. No clots unlike the one I had in January which has many cloted blood in it. I will be going for scan today but I want to hear from you. What do you think is going on in my body? Am I still pregnant? Cos I’m even afraid to do the scan or test.

    • Life with Gremlins admin

      It’s hard to say, from January? Probably not. Multiple occurrences of bleeding in pregnancy are a lot less common, but it is possible you had a chemical in January, then became pregnant again in Feb. It’s also possible that you’re see false positives if it is the same brand test. Blue dye tests in particular are frequently misread (they seem to have evaporation lines more often). Depending on how far along you are if you are pregnant, a scan may also not show much if anything, you might ask for blood testing if a urine test is positive and the scan shows nothing.

  • Srj

    I had an unprotected sex with my girlfriend on february 13th and she took a pill after 10 min, on 25th she got periouds.
    Bt she didn’t get the next periouds stil today(31-3-2018).
    Is she pregenent?
    Am scared…
    Plz reply…

    • Life with Gremlins admin

      By pill, do you mean a regular birth control pill or an emergency contraceptive such as plan B (2 pills only, rather than a full month-daily regime)? If it’s the later, emergency contraception very frequently causes irregular bleeding, delayed or early periods. If you meant regular birth control, that’s less likely to be the culprit and she may want to take a pregnancy test.

  • Shan

    Hi. It’s my 30th CD now and i have been testing 3 times and it’s Negative. I’m kinda paranoid. But is it really just safe having an intercourse during periods?

    • Life with Gremlins admin

      Sex during a period is generally safe in regards to avoiding pregnancy, yes, but any time there’s intercourse there’s a chance of pregnancy, even if very small.

  • Dhrishti

    I have a normal 28 day cycle. My last period was on april 24. On 10th and 12th day of my periods I had unprotected sex. On the 17th day there was a brown color discharge from the morning till evening and slight bleeding during night. The blood was light red in color and the bleeding stopped next morning. From 17th day I had frequent urination tendency. Had Lower abdominal pain on 21st day of this cycle. Consulted a Dr and she told that it may be symptoms of urine infection. I feel tiredness during day time. All of a sudden I feel dizziness foe a second or two and will be ok after that. There is mild pain in lower abdomen at some point of time. Is there a chance that I’m pregnant? When can I take a pregnancy test?

    • Life with Gremlins admin

      If the sex was on cycle day 10 and 12 (counting from the first day of bleeding), pregnancy is possible, yes, even with the spotting. A test would be accurate 14+ days after the intercourse or about 4 days late for your period, either way is fine.

  • Peninah Wanjiku

    I have a 28 day cycle. I had unprotected sex on 21st of may ,am expecting my periods on 29th may. Is there any chance that I am pregnant?

    • Life with Gremlins admin

      The week before your period poses the lowest chance of pregnancy all cycle (arguably no chance, as you would have to ovulate very late).

  • Anonymous

    I m TTC from 3 months nd I have intercourse without any gap whole month nd on cd21 feeling bloating,heavyness abdomen,cramping on left side of abdomen and leg nd back wattery mouth from yesterday and upset stomach,sore throat,

    • Life with Gremlins admin

      Unless you became pregnancy in your prior cycle, this would be too early for pregnancy symptoms. You can, however, have period-like bleeding in pregnancy, so if all these symptoms are new and you don’t suspect another cause such as a virus, it may be worth it to take a pregnancy test.

  • Sangita dhara

    Hello.i had a missed misscarriage in January 2018 and dc was done.then it was found my prolactin level was high and Dr advised me to take cabgolin .5 weekly.it was suggested to take this medicine up to mid June.now this month I’v unprotected sex on 11th 12th 14th and 16th day of my cycle(i’v a 28 days cycle).and felt cramping backache from day 18th….is that meant I m pregnant….in this condition can I take cabgolin weekly.pls help

    • Life with Gremlins admin

      Cabgolin has insufficient evidence to determine it’s safety during pregnancy, so in general it isn’t prescribed during pregnancy without supervision, since you’ve been using it now almost 6 months, I’d recommend returning to your care provider to evaluate your situation as far as pregnancy and continued need for the prescription.

  • Eager mom

    Hey hii: I don’t know which post this question would be appropriate but asking here for all TTC couples. Is it safe to use lube when TTC or should one use ‘pre seed’ or other lubes that are safe when ttc. Is it a myth that lube kills sperm or is it true?